In the previous article, we learned some of the “tools of the trade” for the Art of Tracking, and we discovered that proper observation can lead to significant deductions and to the correct interpretation of an entire trackline, either in daylight or night, either in the great outdoors or in an urban environment.

Now it’s time to discuss two further aspects: movement and, consequentially, the principles of stalking.

Since the ground is “the oldest newspaper in print” (David Michael Hull, 2015), by the correct use of all the tools this Art provides us, we can understand what happened at a certain time and place.

Move silent, move deep

But what if we are literally approaching our prey, either if it is a human we are tracking or an animal we are hunting? What mechanisms do our brains and bodies activate in a moment like that?

In this article, we will get more deeply into this inner dimension.

Author demonstrating technique

The tragedy of life is not what men suffer, but what they miss” (Thomas Carlyle, quoted by Tom Brown Jr. in “Tom Brown’s Field Guide – Nature Observation and Tracking”, 1983). Taking this as a starting point, it is crystal clear that observation of tracks does not only involve a good pair of eyes, but also a brilliant brain and an inquisitive approach. We covered in previous articles about the employment of all five senses, plus instinct. We have now to consider how we should move during our follow-up.

This might sound odd, but I believe we really need to learn how to move in the outdoors. The chaotic life most of us live inside metropolitan areas has stolen our capacity to move at a slow rhythm. Nature, however, requires it, especially if we are tracking animals.

Slowness and deliberation, in fact, offer several benefits:

  • we can catch many more details of our surrounding environment
  • attune us to more of the sounds and noises in our area
  • allow our brain to adapt to the inner rhythm of Nature, as suggested by Tom Brown Jr in “The Science and Art of Tracking” (1999)

Blend in

Fundamentally, it is a matter of being able to blend inside the forest or other outdoor area you are in. I often admonish my students as their eagerness to learn tracking pushes them into a much hectic (and rapid!) walk while on the Trackline, telling them, “If you miss out, you mess up!” In fact, once the tracks have been contaminated…by other prints, as one example…they have gone for good. The chances of picking up the correct tracks and sign again will be very small, especially for absolute beginners.

Haste and ego are your worst enemies in Tracking. You don’t stand alone and fierce in your surroundings but blend into it. Quite simply, you disappear, a concept anyone acquainted with the art of camouflage will understand.

Move slowly, stepping to the outsides of your feet and then rolling quietly on the inside, staying silent, and proceeding with the palms of your hands upon your knees, or even crawling (or slithering, if needed!)..are all useful when it comes to tracking.

To blend into the environment even more, especially if you are a hunter, you should avoid products or actions that would leave a strong smell on you (deodorant, perfume, cologne, toothpaste, chewing gum, alcohol, tobacco, and so on).  In the same manner, you should be aware of wind direction in order not to give away your position. Starting a campfire is, obviously, strictly forbidden.

All the above mention aspects for approaching prey fall under the category of “Stalking techniques.” Freezing in place is also a good technique to use if you’re in a situation where you’re liable to be spotted. You immediately and silently freeze in your position, waiting to hear and/or see more.

Apply what you’ve learned

Now that you are one with the environment, you are should apply what you know about Tracking to the trackline you are creating by yourself. By that, I mean to be conscious of your actions; do not break what you can overcome, do not tear what you can bend.

In other words, leave the minimum damage to the surrounding vegetation, but pass through it reducing any sign, creating the smallest alteration. Blend in with it and keep on being on track!


For more information on tracking techniques, here are some books and websites you may find resourceful:

To purchase Mike Hull’s book: click here

On historical backgrounds & news on Tracking: