Stepping Up to a 100-year-old Treadle Sewing Machine

Pinterest LinkedIn Tumblr +
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Last Updated on December 12, 2013

When I was young, I’d watch in fascination as my mother used her treadle sewing machine (a late 1800’s Singer that belonged to my great-grandmother) to fashion all sorts of clothing, blankets, couch covers and schoolbags.  I’d sit on the floor and watch as her feet deftly pedaled fast on the straightaway and then slowed as she rounded a curve or reached an end.

Built before electricity, the heavy Singer emitted a peaceful clicking sound, interrupted only when the ancient leather belt flew apart. Mom would stop pedaling, rejoin the leather ends with a bent nail and bit of tape, and resume sewing. Without realizing it, I was learning much about mechanical advantage just by watching my mother sew.

Before and After

Before and After

Finally, at age 11, I was allowed to use the machine myself. What a thrill to pick out a Raggedy Ann pattern at the Ben Franklin store in town for my first project. The fabric, buttons and stuffing came from my mother’s scrap box – what she called “glad rags.”  They may only have been faded remnants of former garments, but she was “glad to have them.”

To make the dress ruffles, I used the Singer gathering attachment. Embroidering the facial features called for bolting on another ingenious gadget. I followed the directions in the yellowed manual, eventually trying out each attachment as I completed Raggedy Ann.

As a teen, I made clothes for myself or modified straight-legged jeans by adding jumbo triangles of gaudy fabric or bandanas to transform the pants into bell-bottoms. It was the 70’s. What can I say?

After a car, my next big investment as a young adult was a New Home sewing machine that could form buttonholes and even had some extra fancy stitches (that I never used). I just plugged the machine in and away I went, consuming a million miles of thread over the years as I crafted curtains, quilts, clothes and even a boat cover or two.

Needs some TLC

Needs some TLC

Nothing compared, though, with the satisfaction of sewing with that antique treadle machine. I quickly surmised the whir of an electric motor is impersonal and challenging to control. But, I grew up being told technology is better. My mother, too, gave her treadle to a neighbor and then bought a modern plastic and tin sewing machine. At least her treadle did not end up in the city dump with so many others.

On our journey to self-reliance, we’ve been gathering human-powered tools when we can find them. It’s surprising how quickly hand- and foot-powered tools were abandoned when electricity became available. From 1850 to 1890, more than 100 apple-peeling devices were patented. Then the peeling inventions ceased, except those running on electric power. And so it goes with thousands of other nifty human-powered appliances.

I drove by a fix-it shop recently and couldn’t believe my lucky find – an antique stainless steel hand-cranked washing machine sitting out front. I zoomed in the parking lot and ran over to the washer, only to discover petunias blooming in the rusted basin.


Sewing machine box refurbished

Our search for old-fashioned tools intensified last year as Darren worked on another invention – a pedal-powered PTO. The original intent was to develop a device that could pump volumes of water from our well, not the measly 2 cups per stroke a common hand pump yields.

Once that was accomplished, Darren decided the PTO had so much more potential than just pumping water. So, he set it up to operate our grain grinder and a low-RPM alternator for charging batteries. Now, we’re continually thinking of other tools around here that can be adapted to the PTO (the drill press, metal grinder, band saw). Ultimately, all this led to the WaterBuck Pump.

Meanwhile, I continued searching for an old treadle sewing machine like my mother had.

Finally, we found an abused White Rotary treadle machine at a Springfield thrift store for $60. Even though I was discouraged by its neglected condition (I didn’t even take a picture of it), I was eager to get it home and start refurbishing. I wasn’t interested in beauty; I just wanted a working treadle machine.

The machine appeared (and smelled) as if it was stored in a chicken coop. The battered cabinet was broken in places and the hand wheel stiff to turn, but we rolled up our sleeves and got to work. Darren replaced or repaired the busted boards while I disassembled, oiled and cleaned the machine. I took a few photos only so I would not forget how to put it back together.

Quilt sewn with the Treadle sewing machine

Quilt sewn with the Treadle sewing machine

As we worked, we marveled at the quality craftsmanship. Online copies of advertisements reveal that this machine was built to be affordable for the average household, costing about $55 new in 1913. Yet, the cabinet has in inlaid ruler, handsome curved drawers and detailed wrought iron stand. The machine is adorned on every side with golden decals.

Darren was especially intrigued with the precise machine work. After cleaning and oiling the treadle in the shop, he gave it a few pumps to get it spinning and then came in the house to fetch me. We went out and saw the flywheel still silently turning minutes later, perfectly balanced and smooth.

Between the two of us, we had the cabinet and machine looking and running like new in no time. As soon as my new leather belt arrived from Amazon, I was sewing.

First, I made a cover of old drapery scraps to hide a broken cinder block that we sit the Berkey water filter on in the kitchen.  Total project cost: $0.

Next, I recovered an old glider rocker I found at the thrift store for $15. I didn’t take any “before” photos because, once again, I wasn’t even sure Darren would let me put that ugly thing in the house.  The cushions were worn, stained and coated in pet hair.  I ripped them apart and washed the foam padding outside in a tub, and then traced them onto some new, heavy upholstery fabric (another thrift store find).

Sewing with zero power!

Sewing with zero power!

Meanwhile, Darren tightened and glued the chair and matching foot stool.  If not for the foam taking so long to dry, the entire project would’ve been completed in a few hours.  Still, I got a super comfy chair (I always wanted a rocker!) and stool for less than $20.

With the mundane chores behind me, I had a blast sewing an outrageously colorful quilt, and even used the treadle to quilt the fabric. My shoulders got a workout handling all that fabric, but what fun!

That hundred-year-old White ran like a champ through several layers of HEAVY fabric without skipping a single stitch.  It took a while to get used to rotating the wheel away from me when I start out.  It’s sort of like learning to drive on the opposite side of the road, but I got the hang of it.

While I treadled along, I thought of the lucky housewife who got the White Family Rotary sewing machine new in 1913 or so.  I’m sure it was a treasured investment and lovely addition to the home décor.  It certainly is around here.


Linda Holliday lives in the Missouri Ozarks where she and her husband formed Well WaterBoy Productsa company devoted to helping people live more self-sufficiently off grid, and invented the WaterBuck Pump. A former newspaper editor and reporter, Holliday blogs for Mother Earth News, sharing her skills in modern homesteading, organic gardening and human-powered devices.

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

WOW! I’m so pleased to read this article. I, too, remember my grandmother using the treadle Singer. About a year ago, I found an old Singer treadle on Craig’s List. The guy wanted way too much for it and would not come down. OK, I bit and bought. It is a 1902 Singer with six drawers and the bobbin drawer in the front. It has several bobbins and the original manual. It is in pretty good shape except the belt is way too long and no device to “set it” that I can find. I thought there was some way… Read more »


Thanks for the comments thistlebud!

I have some items like this too that I don’t use daily, but purchased for contingencies. My grain grinder for example is stored in the box it came in, but I do have it. Nice to be prepared in that respect.



I feel like a child seeing that perfect toy for the first time….I want it, and I want it BAD! Thank you for the wonderful post. Now… to craigslist!


Thank you very much Andrea! Good luck on finding your own.




This was a delight to read as I own a Sears Minnesota (lovingly referred to as “Dorcas”) and a hand crank called “Tabitha”.

We have subbed and look forward to learning more as we forge ahead in off-grid living.


Lee and Lyric
[email protected]

Pat Henry

I’m so glad you liked it Lyric! Thanks for stopping by and hope to hear from you again.



The price for treadle machines have increased like crazy with so many people wanting to revert back to manual machines. We paid $150 for ours and that was the cheapest we had seen in our area. Totally worth it. Mine even came with a neat button-hole attachment and all of the original feet.

Which size belt (length/width) did you use?

Bonnie French

I found the same machine at an Amish store, but we couldn’t figure how to thread it, do you have a photo to show the side view. It runs really smooth & is in great shape. But I want to test it before I buy it, thanks!!!

Brenda Schonig

I too have a treadle machine identical to yours. I can not get it to tip back in the cabinet. Do you have any idea how I cn get this to happen? I have the original manual but it does not tell me anything. I want to restore this machine and clean and fresh oil. Thank you for your help.

Nolan Lowry

How did you take off the head?

Would love your thoughts, please comment.x