Sponge Bath: Keep Clean Without Running Water

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Last Updated on January 16, 2021

Editors Note:  If you are faced with a situation where there is either no running water or no official tub/shower facilities it’s nice to know how to keep yourself clean. Without running water, that can mean a sponge bath. I ran across this ancient article (back from 1981) on Mother Earth News by Ole Wik who was a pioneer in the Alaskan wilderness who is sharing how he kept himself clean very simply.  

Some 10 years back, I left the city and set out to build a cabin in the Alaskan wilderness. It was late September before I could actually begin construction of the dwelling, and the rivers were already freezing, so I had to work hard and quick!

Yet — despite the rigorous physical labor — I’d go for days without a bath. At the time I told myself I couldn’t wash because of the cold weather and primitive camp conditions, but now I know that I simply hadn’t yet adjusted to “new” means of keeping clean.

Since then, I’ve spent as much as 26 months at a stretch without even seeing running water, and I’ve very rarely missed my daily bath. I’d like to pass on what I’ve learned about taking a sponge bath to any of you who may be about to quit the city and its conveniences, whether on a permanent or a temporary basis.

Sponge bath Clean With Seven Cups

I once doubted the word of a friend who told me that he’d been taught to take a complete bath with an army helmet full of water. Now I know he was telling the truth because I’ve done it myself using a hard hat while fighting forest fires. The fact is, it’s possible to clean every part of your body but your hair — using an ordinary metal washbasin — with only seven cups of water … which is just under half a gallon!

A complete bush-country bathing outfit should include a 15-inch metal basin, washcloth, towel, soap, baking soda, and fingernail brush. It’s best to stay away from enamel basins (they’ll eventually crack, and you’ll ram an enamel chip under your fingernail sooner or later), and steel tubs will rust … in spite of their shiny appearance when new. Aluminum basins, on the other hand, have never failed me. Whatever type of basin you use, however, keep a fingernail brush handy for scrubbing out the dirt film after you bathe.

The real secret of this water-conserving wash method is the elimination of soap from most of the bath. If you really lather up, you face the problem of getting rid of the suds, and — when you’re washing from a small tub — this can be such a chore that you may start to skip baths altogether.

You’ll be better off if you take a sponge bath — without soap — every single day. Simply rub down well with a hot, wet washrag, rinsing the cloth frequently. (You may want to use soap on the hairy parts of the body, but this small amount of suds can usually be rinsed off with a damp rag.)

A Soap-less Shampoo for your sponge bath

Hair washing presents a special problem, again because it’s very difficult to rinse off the suds. Leftover soap or shampoo is bound to make your scalp itch, but you can get your “crowning glory” clean — and avoid the “itches” — by using baking soda!

You want to ensure you have the right materials for your sponge bath.

You see, all soaps are made by combining a fat and an alkali (usually lye). Baking soda — itself a mild alkali — seems to react with hair oils to produce its own natural, mild washing product. Under the proper conditions, soda will even create a copious lather.

To wash your hair, put two or three cups of soft water into the basin … (make sure the liquid is as hot as your scalp can stand!). Add two or three tablespoons of baking soda (NOT baking powder), then bend over the basin and soak your scalp. Comb the soda solution through your hair … backward, forward, and sideways.

Any dirt will immediately begin to wash out, and — in a short time — will neutralize most of the soda. So after you’ve combed the solution through your hair several times, throw out the first batch of “soda water” and prepare another. Repeat the combing process, then pile your wet hair on top of your head to let the “bicarb shampoo” work while you take your bath, and brush your teeth.

When you “draw” your sponge bath water, add a heaping teaspoon of soda to that liquid, too. Baking soda is a good cleaning and deodorizing agent, and I believe it has a beneficial effect on any kind of skin. (Pregnant women sometimes use it to relieve the itching sensation caused by their bellies’ stretching.) My guess is that the mild alkali combines with skin oil — just as it does with hair oils — to form a natural soap. One thing’s for sure: a soda wash leaves you feeling clean and refreshed.

After your sponge bath, put a new supply of warm water in the basin, dunk your head again, massage your scalp with your fingertips, then comb out the soda water along with the remaining dirt. You’ll have a sweet-smelling, clean head of hair, and there’ll be no leftover soap to make your scalp itch.

The key to a successful baking soda shampoo is soft water, and I’ve found that I get the best results with melted snow. (Rainwater ought to be equally soft, but I think it may be affected by the containers — galvanized metal, especially — that you catch it in.) However, if you want to break away from soaps and shampoos, just try mixing up a baking soda solution using the softest water you’re able to obtain. I can practically guarantee that you’ll be pleased with the results!

Nice, but Unnecessary

There was a time when I felt that a “sponge bath” was something you got in the hospital when you were too sick to make it to the shower. Now that I’ve bathed out of a basin for 10 years, I realize that showers and bathtubs are nothing more than very nice — but also very unnecessary — luxuries.

EDITOR’S NOTE: Whenever you use a new substance on your skin or scalp, make a small patch test to check for any possible allergic reactions.

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Freedom-loving American doing what I can to help prepare and inform others. Editor and creator of The Prepper Journal 2013-2017, 2020 -

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This is good info but if you have a CLEAN,UN– USED two liter garden sprayer I find you can take a passable shower with this and one liter of hot water….not as cheaply as a couple spoonfuls of soda, though……


Thanks for the comments gsgshepard!

A good shower is hard to replace. I have seen people who have hooked up a garden sprayer like you talked about to a camping shower and all is great!


FL Prepper Off Grid

Forget all of that nonsense. Just take 2x 16 Oz Bottled water. take the white cap off and poke a few small holes in the cap, and screw back on the bottle. Now sqeeze the bottle and you have an instant shower. Rinse with a third bottle, suds up and wash your hair, under arms and private parts, then with the other 2/3rd bottle rinse from your head down till all the suds are washed off your feet. I can do this with just 1 16 Oz bottle if I need to but 2 bottles are plenty. Done be a… Read more »


Disliking all the chems in regular bath soap and shampoo, I’ve done this with a full house of plumbing! Kinda.
I’ll skip the soap and just scrub with baking soda!


I hear what you are saying TexasT, its getting to where nothing is safe anymore. Soap for crying out loud! Can’t they even leave that alone?


Happy Preppers

We also suggest a hand-held portable bidet for cleaning “in between” if you know what we mean! This will come in handy in a world without toilet paper. Happy Prepping! =)


Great suggestion Happy Preppers. Either that or a whole bunch of wipes… I have heard a (clean) garden sprayer recommended before.


Living in a developing country I learned to use my hand and then wash it (thoroughly, with soap and water). Helpful skill!


A good boar-bristle brush can also help keep the hair clean without water.

W.T. Hatch

Living in Mexico back in the early 90s, my ex’s family lived in a small village and all they had was a hand pump. The water from that well was freezing cold to me, but they would pump themselves some water in a 5 gallon bucket and wash with it. The outhouse had a concert floor and a toilet mounted in the corner. There was a drain hole in the middle of the floor. The black and brown water were drained out underground going someplace. The toilet was flushed by pouring a bucket of water into it. A shower was… Read more »


I recently came across a brand that offers a 3-in-1 portable hygiene system. It’s called HandyShower and looks really promising. I can’t wait till they start shipping worldwide. But I signed up to become their tester, hope they choose me!

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